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Drapery Pleat Styles

drapery pleat styles

  • Long curtains of heavy fabric

  • Cloth coverings hanging in loose folds

  • cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds

  • The artistic arrangement of clothing in sculpture or painting

  • curtain: hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window)

  • Drapery is a general word referring to cloths or textiles (Old French drap, from Late Latin drappus ). It may refer to cloth used for decorative purposes - such as around windows - or to the trade of retailing cloth, originally mostly for clothing, formerly conducted by drapers.

  • A manner of doing something

  • A way of painting, writing, composing, building, etc., characteristic of a particular period, place, person, or movement

  • A way of using language

  • (style) designate by an identifying term; "They styled their nation `The Confederate States'"

  • (style) manner: how something is done or how it happens; "her dignified manner"; "his rapid manner of talking"; "their nomadic mode of existence"; "in the characteristic New York style"; "a lonely way of life"; "in an abrasive fashion"

  • (style) make consistent with a certain fashion or style; "Style my hair"; "style the dress"

  • Fold into pleats

  • any of various types of fold formed by doubling fabric back upon itself and then pressing or stitching into shape

  • ruffle: pleat or gather into a ruffle; "ruffle the curtain fabric"

  • fold into pleats, "Pleat the cloth"

Ten Marble Fragments of the Great Eleusinian Relief

Ten Marble Fragments of the Great Eleusinian Relief

Ten Marble Fragments of the Great Eleusinian Relief
Roman copy from 27 B.C.-A.D. 14

In this reconstructed marble relief, Demeter, goddess of agricultural abundance, and Persephone, goddess of the Underworld and of fertility of the earth, stand on either side of a nude youth. Demeter, at left, is clad in a long, woolen peplos, belted at the waist; she holds a scepter in her left hand. Persephone, at right, wears a long, linen chiton with buttoned sleeves and a himation; she holds a long, lighted torch against her left side. The scene is usually explained as Demeter and Persephone giving Triptolemos the ears of wheat so that he may teach men how to cultivate grain.

This relief is one of a number of Roman copies of a Greek marble relief made in the fifth century B.C. It is exceptional in that it reproduces a Greek work of art that still exists, now in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens. According to the original, the execution of the hair and drapery in this copy is sharper and accords with the style current in Augustan art. The original marble relief was found at the sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone at Eleusis near Athens, a site renowned for its secret cult of the Mysteries. Initiates from all over the Greek-speaking world participated in this secret ceremony of which we know very little. As Demeter gave grain to humanity, the rites at Eleusis may have celebrated this gift.

The renderings of the woolen peplos worn by Demeter and the linen chiton donned by Persephone show clear differences in weight and fabric. The peplos has wide, regular flutes, while the chiton is depicted with tightly crimped folds that suggest pleating. Unlike the regularly spaced folds seen in Egyptian or Assyrian representations, the fine, irregular texture of the linen suggests that the material has been bound and compressed, a technique still seen in certain regional costumes. In contrast to wool, which has a springlike elasticity, the fibers of linen are easily creased and pleated.

drapery pleat styles

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